The Skeleton is a toboggan that came from the use of sleds to transport freight in the winter by the North American Indians. After the first practice of the sport in St. Moritz in 1884, it became a sports event. At the Winter Olympics, it was adopted as a formal event at the 2nd Games held in St. Moritz, Switzerland in 1928. It was also contended as part of the St. Mortiz Olympic Programme in 1948.
However, since then, it has been excluded from the Olympic Games Programme. This was because it seemed that it was too dangerous for the athlete lying on the sled head first face down.
Skeleton was reintroduced to the Olympic Programme for the Salt Lake City Games in 2002 with a woman’s event added. Skeleton is one of the sliding types of speed sports events and the athlete, lying head first face down on the sled, speeds down a 1,200 - 1,500m ice track. Luge is unique from other sliding disciplines in that it comprises men’s and women’s individual events. In this discipline, athletes steer the sled by using their shoulders and knees.
The athletes sled for a total of 4 times at the World Championships and the Olympics, and the ranking is decided by adding up the sliding time. Like in the bobsleigh competition, the length of the track is 1,200 - 1,500m. The average slope inclination is 8 - 15%. And, the radius of the curve has been decided to be 20m or longer. When sliding, the pressure at the time of turning on the curve is nearly four times the gravity. The average maximum speed per hour is 120Km. It is important to slide down the 14 to 22 curves accelerating the speed and maintaining the momentum on the course’s turns, straight lines, and the circular omega (Ω). The reason is that since it is a sport where even 1/100th of a second counts, and speed is crucial to winning.
The total weight of the sled and the athlete cannot exceed 115kg.
In case the maximum weight exceeds 115kg, the weight of the sled may be adjusted to be 33kg or less.
Even if the maximum weight is less than 115kg, the weight of the sled may not be more than 43kg.
The weight deficiency can be adjusted by attaching a lead weight on the sled.
The total weight of the sled and the athletes cannot be more than 92kg.
In case the maximum weight exceeds 92kg, the weight of the sled may be adjusted to be 29kg or less.
Even if the maximum weight is less than 92kg, the weight of the sled may not be higher than 35kg.
The weight deficiency can be adjusted by attaching a lead on the sled.