Wheelchair curling is an adaptive version of curling, which is a popular winter sports, for the impaired. In Europe and North America, it has been such a loved event that even senior clubs were formed a long time ago. It was adopted as a formal event in 2006 Torino Winter Paralympic programme. At the Paralympics one medal event is competed.
Description of Events
- Each Wheelchair Curling team is comprised of both men and women athletes.
- Each event has 8 ends.
- When an athlete throws the stone, an athlete of the same team holds the wheelchair so that the wheelchair stays firm.
- Although the feet of the player who throws the stone must not contact the surface of the ice, the wheelchair wheels must be placed on the surface of the ice.
- To throw the stone, athletes may use their arms and hands, or their "delivery stick". However, sweeping is not permitted.
- Delivery means the process of throwing a stone.
- It requires strategy involving pushing or blocking the other team’s stones.
- The athlete should calculate the weight, turn, and path of the stone to be thrown.
* Weight: The weight of the stone is its velocity, which depends on the arm drive of the delivery.
* Turn(Curl): The rotation of the stone, which gives it a curved trajectory.
* Line: The direction of the throw ignoring the effect of the turn.
- A strategic thinking is required for this discipline to consider all factors such as skills of teams, ice condition, scores, remaining ends, and which team has the hammer.
* Aggressive strategy: A team’s strategy focusing on getting as many stones as possible into the house.
* Defensive strategy: A strategy focusing more on hitting the other team’s stone moving it out of the house other than on scoring.