Figure skating is an ice sport where athletes wear bladed skates and perform different specific acrobatic movements. They skate on the ice to music and are judged according to their accuracy and the difficulty of their manoeuvres. The size of the arena is specified to be 56 - 60m in length and 26 - 30m in width. In the Olympic Winter Games, a total of 5 events are contended, including the men’s and ladies’ singles, ice dance, and pairs where men and ladies compete together, and team event.
- Comprised of a men’s category and ladies’ category.
- Comprised of a short program and a free skating program.
- The individual performance must include jump, spins, steps, etc. Each program has specific requirements.
- The time: 2 minutes 50 seconds for the short program, 4 minutes 30 seconds ±10 for the men’s free skating, and 4 minutes ±10 for the ladies’ free skating.
- Men and ladies skate in pairs.
- There is a short program and a free skating program.
- The pair perform a series of manoeuvres including throw jumps (the man throws the woman so that she can jump) overhead lifts (the man lifts up the woman with different grips and positions), pair spins (the pair spin together on a common axis), and death spirals (the man pivots on one skate and flings the woman in a 360°spin almost parallel to the ice), and more.
- Comprised of men and ladies.
- Comprised of short dance and free dance.
- The couple must dance together across the ice performing intricate steps keeping beat with the music.
- Each skater must not be away from their partner for 5 seconds or longer.
- The ranking is decided on the sums of the scores of 4 specific events, men’s and ladies’ singles, pairs, ice dances.