Ski jumping is a form of Nordic skiing where the skiers glide down a (35° - 37°) ramp at 90km/h to jump and fly as far as they can go from the launching zone to make a stable landing in the landing section. Because the soaring through the air is so beautiful, it is also called "the flower of ski sports". The judges evaluate points based on flying, landing and style. There are five judges who decide the flying scores by deducting points for every element based on the skier’s flying posture and the landing posture from the full score of 20 points. The highest and lowest scores are disregarded, with the remaining three scores added to the distance score, determining the ranking. There are four events in the Olympic Winter Games: Men’s Normal Hill Individual, Ladies’ Normal Hill Individual, Men’s Large Hill Individual and the Men’s Team.
Description of the Events
▶Scoring based on the K-Point ('K' from 'Kritisch' in German)
- In Normal hill, skiers earn 2 extra points per 1m they fly beyond the K-line and lose 2 points per 1m they land short of the K-line.
- In Large hill, skiers earn 1.8 extra points per 1m they land beyond the K-line and lose 1.8 points per 1m they land short of the K-line.
Individual (Normal Hill / Large Hill)
- Normal Hill: The distance from the jumping point to the K-Point must be between 75 and 99m, and the hill size between 85 and 109m.
- Large Hill: The distance from the jumping point to the K-Point must be greater than 100m, and the hill size greater than 110m.
- K-Points and Hill Sizes (HS) at the Alpensia Ski Jumping Centre are 98/125 for the Normal Hill and 109/140 for the Large Hill.
- Events: Men and Ladies
- The Large Hill is used for team events.
- A team consists of four members.
- Competition consists of two scored rounds. After the first round, only the top eight teams will advance to the final round. In the final round, the last group starts in reverse order of the team ranking after the third group.
- Results are calculated by the collective scores of the all four jumpers of the team.
- Events: Men