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International Olympic Committee


1894 An international organisation created by the National Assembly at Paris proposed by Pierre de Coubertin at 1894

  • It promotes the tradition and ideology of the ancient Olympic Games.
  • It promotes amateur games.
  • It oversees and promotes the Olympic Games that are held regularly.
  • It promotes friendship between the competing athletes of all nations under the Olympic spirit.
  • It leads the holding of the Olympic Games every four years.

IOC’s Roles

The Olympic Games, a festival of the whole world,
the IOC and many organisations prepare together.

  • IOC International Olympic Committee (IOC) International Olympic Committee

    The IOC administers the holding of the Olympic Games.

    The IOC has the final say in selecting the host cities,
    electing the IOC members and the board members and dividing the profits.

  • NOC National Olympic Committees (NOC) National Olympic Committees

    The nations that want to participate in the Olympic Games have
    to have their own National Olympic Committee recognised by the IOC.

    There are over 200 NOCs across the world.

    They choose the best athletes and prepare for the Olympic Games.

  • OCOG Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOG) Organising Committees for the Olympic Games

    An OCOG organises and operates the Olympic Games delegated by the NOC.

    An OCOG coordinates the dates for the Olympic Games and sends out invitations.

    An OCOG prepares for the Games and makes decisions on technical operations, etc.

    For one year after the end of the Games, an OCOG goes through a dissolution process.

  • IF International Sports Federations (IF) International Sport Federations

    Each sport has its own international sports federation that oversees the sport.

    The international sports federations oversee the rules and judges of their respective sport.

  • Governments
    and Host Cities
    Host Country and City

    The relevant governments and host cities construct venues, Olympic villages, roads and other required infrastructure.

    They provide administrative support for successful hosting of the Olympic Games and continued development of the Games.

7years, IOC, NOC, International Sport Federation, HostCountry and City, OCOG

IOC Members

  • 98
  • 39
    Honorary Members
  • 1
    Honour Member

- IOC members are entitled to benefits at international level such as entry without a visa to most of the nations across the world.

- An IOC member used to be a lifetime position, but starting from the members elected since the year 2000, IOC members are required to retire at the age of 70.

- Only the nations that have their National Olympic Committee (NOC) can participate in the Olympic Games.

- The sports disciplines are chosen among those overseen by authorized international sports federations.

IOC Presidents

  • 1894- 1896
    1st President
    • Name: Demetrius Vikelas
    • Nationality: Greece
  • 1896- 1925
    2nd President
    • Name: Pierre de Coubertin
    • Nationality: France
  • 1925- 1942
    3rd President
    • Name: Henri de Baillet-Latour
    • Nationality: Belgium
  • 1946- 1952
    4th President
    • Name: Sigfrid Edström
    • Nationality: Sweden
  • 1952- 1972
    5th President
    • Name: Avery Brundage
    • Nationality: US
  • 1972- 1980
    6th President
    • Name: Lord Killanin
    • Nationality: Ireland
  • 1980- 2001
    7th President
    • Name: Juan Antonio Samaranch
    • Nationality: Spain
  • 2001- 2013
    8th President
    • Name: Jacques Rogge
    • Nationality: Belgium
  • 2013- 2016
    9th President
    • Name: Thomas Bach
    • Nationality: Germany

- The National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Korea was first recognized by the IOC in 1947.

- Since 1955, nine Koreans have been elected members of the IOC.

- Kun-hee Lee and Seung-min Ryu are the current Korean IOC members.